No one really pays much attention to the smell and color of their pee, but we really should as it can speak volumes for our health. The urine is a liquid consisting of creatinine, urea, dissolved ions and other organic and inorganic compounds. It has a yellow color due to the urobilin it contains, which is actually a waste product of the breakdown of old red blood cells.
Although usually yellow, the urine can also be transparent, dark red or orange. Here’s what every color means:
Transparent urine isn’t anything bad, but it’s an indication that you are drinking too much water. Sure, we need water to function properly, but more than 2 liters per day can cause chemical imbalance and make your urine transparent.
This is the usual color of the urine and means that everything’s in order.
Your urine may be cloudy from all the mucus, tissue and proteins broken down in it. In some cases, cloudy urine indicates a bladder infection.
If your urine is darker than the usual, it indicates that you may be dehydrated. If you notice this, drink a glass of water or two.
Dark-yellow urine is a sign of serious dehydration – start drinking water immediately before your kidneys are damaged!
Orange urine means that your blood is full of bilirubins, a byproduct of red blood cell breakdown. Gallstones stuck in your bile duct can also cause it. Liver disease and urinary tract infection can also “paint” your urine orange, as can some medications.
If your urine is pink, it’s usually because of a few drops of blood in it. Make sure to visit your urologist in order to get ahead of the problem.
Dark pink urine is a sign of concern – it may indicate a bladder infection or even cancer. Go to a doctor so you can diagnose the problem on time.
Red urine color means there’s too much blood in your urine, and should be treated immediately!
Brown urine is usually caused by some kind of kidney disorder or too much exercise.
Blue and green urine
Blue and green urine is a side-effect of some medications or eating foods with green or blue artificial colors.
Here’s a chart with all the colors of the urine and what they mean: